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Why even SMEs should be careful about cybersecurity

When we talk about cybersecurity, and in particular cyberattacks, the imagination always refers to huge companies, hospitals and universities. Contexts in which the quantity of data that can be attacked is such as to entice cybercriminals.

Although the news focuses on cybersecurity only when a large company is the victim, cyber attacks are also a threat to small and medium businesses, SMEs. Underestimating the risks of a data breach, even in a small to medium context, can cause significant economic damage.

The importance of cybersecurity for SMEs

SMEs are an attractive target

Contrary to what intuition tells us, SMEs are often the favorite target of cybercriminals. This is because small and medium-sized businesses tend to have less sophisticated security measures than large enterprises, making them more vulnerable to attacks. Cybercriminals know that SMBs may not have the resources or awareness to adequately defend themselves, and they exploit these weaknesses to launch targeted attacks.

The costs of cyber attacks can be devastating

Cyber ​​attacks can result in high costs for SMEs, both in terms of money and reputation. According to one study, the average cost of a data breach for an SME can reach tens of thousands of euros. These costs include data loss, business interruption, fines for non-compliance with data protection regulations, and costs to restore compromised systems. Furthermore, a cyber attack can irreparably damage a company’s reputation, leading to the loss of customers and decreased sales.

Regulatory compliance is essential

Many SMEs operate in regulated industries where compliance with data security regulations is mandatory. For example, the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) requires all companies processing personal data to take appropriate security measures. Failure to comply can result in significant fines and reputational damage. Implementing robust cybersecurity measures not only helps protect company data, but also ensures that the company remains compliant with applicable laws and regulations.

The protection of sensitive information

SMBs often handle sensitive information, such as financial data, customer information and intellectual property. The loss or theft of this information can have serious consequences, including loss of competitive advantage and legal problems. Protecting this information with appropriate cybersecurity measures is essential to ensure operational continuity and customer trust.

How SMEs can improve cybersecurity

Implement basic security solutions

Every SMB should invest in basic cybersecurity solutions, such as firewalls, antivirus, and intrusion detection systems. These tools can help prevent common attacks and detect suspicious activity before it can cause significant damage.

Train employees on cybersecurity

Employee training is a crucial component of cybersecurity. Cyber ​​attacks often exploit human error, such as clicking on malicious links or downloading infected attachments. Educating employees on cybersecurity best practices, such as recognizing phishing emails and using strong passwords, can significantly reduce the risk of attacks.

Perform regular data backups

Regular data backups are essential to ensure that, in the event of a cyber attack, your business can quickly restore critical information and resume operations. SMBs should implement a robust backup strategy that includes automatic backups and periodic testing to ensure data can be recovered should the need arise.

Use two-factor authentication

Two-factor authentication (2FA) adds an extra layer of security to business accounts. In addition to the password, users must provide a second factor of authentication, such as a code sent to their phone. This makes it much more difficult for cybercriminals to access company systems, even if they manage to obtain login credentials.


Cybersecurity is a critical component for SMBs in an increasingly threatening digital landscape. Ignoring this reality can lead to disastrous consequences, including data loss, reputational damage and high costs. However, by implementing basic security measures, training employees and adopting proactive security practices, SMEs can effectively protect themselves from cyber attacks and ensure their business continuity. Cybersecurity is not a luxury, but a fundamental necessity for the long-term success of any business.